ART

Annual Resarch Training for Undergraduates will pair 10 students from UPRRP with faculty mentors and graduate students at the Center for two semesters. Topics of research will align closely with the research activities of individual faculty. All ARTs will be project-based and address aspects of nervous system function and adaptation in urbanizing, tropical landscapes. Where appropriate, the research will involve collaboration with outside agencies (e.g., San Juan Bay Estuary Program) and partner institutions (e.g., MBL). Students will be required to formally present their research findings at local or national scientific conferences and will use their experience to develop related science modules with the SJBEP that can be used in K-12 classrooms. At the end of the ART period, participants must submit a report (see form below) and will be encouraged to present their work at scientific meetings. Some travel funds are available for outstanding research projects.

 

Undergraduate fellowships are available for studying: (1) coral calcification mechanisms; (2) human impacts on estuarine habitats; (3) effects of urbanization on Puerto Rican rivers and its aquatic fauna; and (4) the role of epigenetics in neuronal adaptation to environmental stressors and the consequences of environmental stress on synaptic growth, function and plasticity.

Applications are currently being accepted for: Fall 2015

Click HERE for an application form and instructions.

Click HERE for the ART report form.

Project Descriptions:

(1) Coral calcification mechanisms

Corals create reefs by depositing calcium carbonate. Remarkably, little is known about the mechanism of the calcification process. One of the aims of this project is to better understand calcification on a molecular level. Our goals are to identify transporters that move calcium and bicarbonate to the site of calcification, and to understand how they are susceptible to environmental pressures. This will require a highly integrated approach, coupling neurophysiological techniques with ecology and environmental science.

 

Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated islands in the world, providing a unique opportunity to study anthropogenic influences on the tropical biosphere on a small spatial scale. This project is part of the new Puerto Rico Center for Environmental Neuroscience (PRCEN) funded by the NSF CREST initiative (Centers of Research Excellence in Science and Engineering program) that combines neuroscience and environmental science to tackle environmental issues in a variety of Puerto Rican ecosystems. Our team includes collaborators from multiple disciplines and institutions across the nation. Interested students should contact the project leader, Dr. Joshua Rosenthal (rosenthal.joshua@gmail.com).

(2) Human impacts on estuarine habitats

Estuaries receive water inflow that is high in nutrients from both marine and freshwater sources, making them among the most productive natural habitats on earth.  As nearly 60% of mankind lives in the immediate vicinity of estuaries, they provide an important interface for assessing the impact of human activities on the biosphere.  In 1992, the San Juan Bay Estuary (SJBE) was designated an estuary of “national significance” by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  The SJBE was the first, and remains the only, tropical estuary system to be included in the EPA’s National Estuary Program (NEP).  The studies comprising this subproject focus on a major crustacean inhabitant of the SJBE, the blue crab Callinectes sapidus, as an experimental model for assessing effects of anthropogenic factors on nervous system function.  Our team includes collaborators from multiple UPR campuses and from several mainland universities and research institutions. Interested students should contact the project leader, Dr. Mark Miller (mark.miller@upr.edu)

(3) The effects of urbanization on Puerto Rican rivers and its aquatic fauna.

We will analyze three representative rivers in which we will identify and quantify extraneous chemicals. Four animal models, zebrafish, mosquitofish, and two types of prawn, will be exposed to pollutants found in the three rivers followed by monitoring of their fast-start escape response and associated behaviors and assessment of the integrity of the underlying neural networks. Individual types of experiments within these objectives include collecting water/sediment samples from each river and measuring the levels of various types of contaminants, assessing the escape response before and after exposure to one each contaminant in each fish and prawn species, assessing aggressive behavior before and after exposure to each contaminant in prawn, looking at changes in the neuromast cells of the zebrafish lateral line in response to the contaminants, doing the immunohistochemistry for a transmitter or receptor type or the neural tract tracing in response to exposure to the contaminants in the CNS of each species, etc. Interested students may contact the project leader Dr. Maria Sosa (maria.sosa@upr.edu).

(4) Fellowships in: (1) the role of epigenetics in neuronal adaptation to environmental stressors and (2) the consequences of environmental stress on synaptic growth, function and plasticity.

You will join a multidisciplinary team with expertise in Drosophila genetics, synaptic growth and plasticity, RNA editing, and the terrestrial ecology of Puerto Rico.

Changes in the environment can generate considerable challenges in the nervous system. The long-term goal of this research is to characterize the physiological and molecular consequences of environmental change on the nervous system of wild Drosophila melanogaster. Over the past fifty years, Drosophila melanogaster has been the model of choice to uncover essential processes in developmental biology, cell biology, and neuroscience. We propose to study mechanisms of plasticity that have broad impacts on nervous system function, and by consequence have obvious potential for environmental adaptation.  Interested students should contact the project leader Dr. Bruno Marie (brunomariemail@gmail.com) for more information.

 

Fellowship applications are reviewed in the order completed, and admission continues until all open spots have been filled. Applications require a brief statement of interest that includes your subproject preference, curriculum vitae, transcripts, and two letters of recommendation. Stipends or course credits are available. For more information please contact the Education Coordinator by phone at 787-764-0000 ext. 1-2713 or prcen@upr.edu by email. All application materials should be submitted in digital form by email to prcen@upr.edu. Official transcripts should be delivered to the Education Coordinator in the Department of Environmental Science office in CN C-225.

 

Funding provided by NSF CREST (Centers of Research Excellence in Science and Technology)