How to do research

Research requires creativity, critical thinking, and certain basic skills to answer the questions you want to ask. Here we list some links that will help you get started.


How to do research, from Stanford University

How to do graduate level research, from Rutgers University

How to choose a good scientific problem

Choosing The Right Research Adviser, from the Chronicle of Higher Education

How to write - The Purdue Online Writing Lab

English Communication for Scientists, from Nature Scitable

Bringing up scientists in the art of critiquing research by Barbara J. Kuyper

PhD Resources, from

Mendeley, free reference manager

How to write and publish a scientific paper in the field of marine ecology and conservation blog

The Science of Scientific Writing article by George Gopen and Judith Swan from American Scientist, Nov. 1990

The art of writing science article by Kevin W Plaxco from Protein Science, 2010


Tips on presentations (from


  • How to give a science talk
    a pdf of a powerpoint talk prepared by Stephanie Pfirman, Martin Stute, and Dallas Abbott at Columbia University in 2006.
    Some common sense about things we don't always think about.

  • Dave Nolan's guidelines for 12-minute talks

  • How to give a killer presentation by Chris Anderson (Lessons from TED)

  • how to add value to a poster
    An email from the ARM program Chief Scientist Warren Wiscombe to all ARM scientists sent March, 2008.
    updated March 2009.

  • 2 other sites on designing effective posters

  • how to add value to your slides
    a set of slides which show, by example, what is good and bad in slides. sent out by Warren Wiscombe to the ARM community in February, 2009.

  • Who is listening? What do they hear?
    by Stephen Benka, Physics Today, Dec. 2008. Slightly long-winded, but makes the useful point that we explicitly consider our audience.

  • Tips Preparing Effective Talks also from Weizmann Institute